Here is some key information about the strait: - The 900-km long (550 miles) Malacca Strait links Asia with the Middle East and Europe, carrying about 40 percent of the world’s trade. Nowhere is the issue of maritime security given sharper focus than in the strategic, high-risk waters of the Straits of Malacca. Where Is the Strait of Malacca? Over 63,000 ships traversed the Straits annually [1], and traffic volume is set to increase in the years ahead, as maritime trade and demand for shipping services in the region grows, notably with the China’s projected rise as an economic superpower. Conclusion The drop in piracy incidents speaks volumes of the effectiveness of the measures introduced in significantly reducing risk in the Straits. It includes Johore Strait ( q.v. It is a vital artery linking the region’s economy with the rest of the world. For example, it was through the loyalty of pirate crews made of Orang Laut people that the 14th-century Palembang prince Parameswara survived expansion attempts by neighbouring rulers and eventually went on to found the Sultanate of Malacca. The trilateral initiative, launched in July 2004, is a joint special task force by the littoral states to safeguard the Straits and provide effective policing along the waterway. A literature review of the two phenomena reveals that pirates act primarily for monetary and commercial reasons, while terrorists are primarily driven by political and ideological goals rather than commercial gains. Most of the time, it is between 50 kilometres (31 mi) and 300 kilometres (190 mi) wide. This forces owners to review carefully their insurance covers. For example, Japan's top non-life insurers – Tokio Marine, Nichido Fire Insurance Co, Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance Co and Sompo Insurance – have informed the Japanese Shipowners’ Association that additional premiums would be levied for Japanese-insured ships transiting the Straits. (It is one of the highest-volume shipping lanes in the world.) The 11 September 2001 attacks on US commercial, political and military interests have spurred the maritime sector everywhere to reassess its vulnerabilities against potential acts of hostility and sabotage. Located in one of the world’s most vibrant economic growth areas, the Straits is a pivotal link in international trade and transportation. Rulers relied on the region's pirates to maintain control. However, despite this sharp reduction in piratical attacks and zero incidence of terrorist attack on ships sailing through the Straits, globally there remains the impression that this prime passage is unsafe for vessels. Nevertheless, the efforts to maintain and secure the waterway have always been undertaken by the littoral states, and it is they who have shouldered the bulk of the costs involved as well. Carrying a third of world trade and half of its oil supplies, security in the Straits is a concern of everyone with a stake in the waterway. They remind you that pirates have been plying the waters of the Malacca Straits for more than two hundred years. The Strait of Malacca is a marine strait. Efforts by littoral states to enhance security in the Straits The littoral states of the Straits have undertaken various initiatives aimed at curbing the menace of piracy and securing the waterway from the threats of terror. [9] On the basis of 38 attacks in the Straits in 2004 as reported by IMB against 63,636 ships traversing the Straits in 2004 as reported by the Malaysian Marine Department. Naturally, the differences in interests have given rise to some disparity in perception and emphasis towards the security threats facing the Straits, and the approaches and responses to confront them. The high expectations from international users and the ever-burgeoning traffic in the Straits have combined to exert considerable pressure on the littoral states to provide the maritime infrastructure to ensure security and navigation safety in the waterway. Given this, labeling the Straits an unsafe waterway that belongs in the same bracket as the waters of Somalia, Iraq and Lebanon, as categorized by JWC’s list, seems unwarranted. In an August 2005 joint communique, the foreign ministers of these states urged the committee to "review its risk assessment accordingly". • The proposal to set up an Information Sharing Center in Singapore by December 2006 is set out in the Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and armed robbery against Ships in Asia. EIS was mooted by the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia during the Shangri-la Dialogue July 2005 in Singapore to complement MALSINDO. We virtually reached our $12,000 goal, keeping the journal on a firm footing in the coming year. TOP 5 SHIPS CRASHING INTO SHORE - Duration: 4:14. megatubeuser8000 Recommended for you. It also did not take into consideration the efforts undertaken by the littoral states to improve security in the Straits before and since 9-11. It is about 800 km long. It was and still is an important passageway between China and India, used heavily for commercial trade. Most of these were, in the words of Capt. [3] Defining ‘terrorism’ is a task that is evoking very strong emotions in international relations. Dire straits, or worrying for nought? Malacca has area coverage about 1668km square with 790,136 population become the second smallest states in Malaysia after Perlis. [6] IMB attributed the reduction in the number of attacks on the increased patrols in the Straits of Malacca by the navies of the littoral states. The strait is a major shipping connection between the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean, and it represents a major link between large Asian countries such as South Korea, China, Taiwan, Japan, and India. In addition to these security threats, post 9-11 perception of the Straits as a high-risk area due to threats of piracy and worries over possible terrorist attacks have added to this burden. Japan has provided significant funding and resources to install and maintain navigational flow in the Straits, as well as pollution preventive measures.Despite the negative publicity given to the security situation in the Straits due to pirate attacks and heightened threat perception post 9-11, few attacks have occurred in the area. Strait of Malacca Located in the Indian Ocean, this strait is a shortcut for oil tankers traveling between the Middle East and the oil-dependent nations … ), … [7] Shenker, S., ‘Growing threats of maritime muggers’, from www.bbc.co.uk (accessed on 25 May 2006). This article offers an holistic perspective on security in the Straits of Malacca. These traders sailed to Kedah via the monsoonwinds between June and November. Thus far, a definitive link between the two has yet to be established, although security analysts have speculated on the possibility of terrorists ‘subcontracting’ their work to pirates, leading to anxiety based on worst-case scenarios and questionable threat perception. It is narrow, contains thousands of islets, and is an outlet for many rivers, making it ideal … Mukundan admitted in a recent seminar on piracy that the Straits was “not a hotspot anymore”, and held that there was no reason for JWC to continue to include the area in its ‘war risk zone’ list [8]. The vulnerability of the Straits’ environment and the need to protect it have long been recognized by the international community. Furthermore, a large portion of the world’s shipping routes use the Strait of Malacca. Bass Strait, which is between mainland Australia and Tasmania, and connects the Indian Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. 1:18. They traded glassware, camphor, cotton goods, brocades, ivory, sandalwood, perfume, and precious stones. It also reflects their genuine commitment to forge regional maritime security cooperation and enforcement. The Straits is a sea lane of immense strategic, political and economic importance not only to the littoral states but also to the international community. Each EIS flight will involve a Combined Mission Patrol Team on board, a Mission Commander in charge of the safe conduct of the mission and the after-flight report, and observers from each participating nation. Strait of Magellan Facts. Fear mongers are always short on facts but strong on fear. Nazery Khalid is a Research Fellow, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. To underscore the Straits’ immense geostrategic value, naval powers view it as a strategic lane of communication (SLOC) crucial to their military goals. It lays out the extent of the challenges faced by the littoral states in managing security in the Straits and advocates a comprehensive approach in carrying out the task. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Tanveerali's board "Strait of malacca" on Pinterest. It is too early to evaluate the effectiveness of some initiatives like the coordinated patrols and the ‘Eyes in the Sky’ program, but it is fair to expect substantial improvements in security in the area once all the initiatives are running full steam. Straits of Malacca: A vital waterway The Straits of Malacca is one of the world’s most vital shipping lanes. Tag: strait of malacca. Such negative perception needs to be put straight in light of the achievements of the littoral states in bringing about a marked decline in piracy incidents and improving the general level of security in the Straits. The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) defines it to mean “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience”. These include agreement on information exchange and establishment of communication procedures, treaty of mutual assistance in criminal matters and regional forum framework on measures against terrorism, counter-terrorism and transnational crime. Categorization of the Straits of Malacca as a ‘war risk zone’ The Joint War Committee (JWC) of Lloyd's Market Association (LMA), the influential London-based insurance trade association, issued a list on 20 June 2005, which included 21 areas worldwide in jeopardy of “war, strike, terrorism and related perils”. At its narrowest point, it is only 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) wide. Between … The allure of Malacca is manifold with its unique pedigree borne from its ancestral settlers from the four corners of the world. This evaluation was made without broad consultation with security experts and failed to distinguish clearly between piracy and terrorism. The owners of these vessels, forming the majority of the vessels using the Straits, see themselves as small players, hence not at risk of attacks. The ministers expressed their regret that the decision was taken without their consultation and failed to take into account their existing efforts to deal with the threats to safety and security in the Straits. In fact, the recorded attacks in the Straits represented less than 0.001% of its total traffic volume [9]. The speed with which the EIS was implemented underlined the seriousness of the littoral states to combat piracy and trans-national criminal activities in the Straits region. This can be attributed to increased efforts by the littoral states to improve security in the Straits. Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. It attempts to counter the tendency by some analysts to view security in the Straits from the restrictive lens of piracy and terrorism, two issues which have dominated discourse on the subject of late. Saved by LitWits® - Reading experiences for kids 8-12. Abstract The Straits of Malacca is one of the world’s busiest and most important shipping lanes. Hence, the burden rests on the insured to prove that his vessel was damaged or lost as a consequence of an insured peril. Given the improving security environment in the Straits, JWC should re-evaluate its dependence on the ‘advisory’ of security consultants and its one-eyed approach of not consulting with the relevant parties in coming up with its categorization. An increasing number of insurers has begun charging additional war risk premiums for vessels using the Straits since the declaration. IMB also manages the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Piracy Reporting Center dedicated to the suppression of piracy and armed robbery against ships. Nukuʻalofa is Tonga's capital city. In the wake of the 9-11 attacks, this crucial passage has suffered from bad PR and been deemed a high-risk area due to its ‘image’ of being a piracy-prone area and the perceived threat of terrorism in its waters. Similar strong protests have been registered by shipping industry associations in the region against the assessment, but such efforts to convince the JWC to reverse its decision have been largely unsuccessful. It links the Andaman Sea and the Java Sea, and separates Malaya and Sumatra. During the seminar, a case study of the Malacca strait will be performed. For facts about the Malacca VTS system see Malacca and Singapore Strait VTS. By all accounts, the measures implemented have proven to be effective, as evidenced by the encouraging reports by IMB and its vote of confidence in the improving security situation in the Straits. The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) [5] reported that attacks attributed to pirates in the Straits of Malacca fell from 38 in 2004 to 12 in 2005 [6]. The international community must put its money where their mouth is and match words with deeds to help littoral states address the security concerns in Straits in a cooperative manner that does not infringe upon the sovereignty of the states. Strait of Malacca, waterway connecting the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean). Given the many interests, perspectives and views at hand, it is important that any actions to mitigate such threats are undertaken in a rational manner in full consultation with the littoral states and in full cognizance of their sensitivities and national interests. It entails the coordination of patrols by a littoral state in its jurisdiction and sovereignty area with patrol partners in other areas, with the command centered in the respective countries. Many new initiatives have been introduced to improve security in the sea lane, but it is regrettable that the international users, save Japan, which provides assistance in order to enhance navigation safety via funding from the Nippon Foundation through the Malacca Straits Council, have thus far not matched their usage of the Straits with contribution to the costs of maintaining and securing it. In the event of US-China conflict, for example, it is foreseen that the Straits would become a major theater for their power projection, with US efforts to deny China access to Middle East oil by controlling the Straits. In-depth and original editorial facts and list on the subject of world facts from the writers at WorldAtlas. The areas specified included the Straits of Malacca and adjacent ports in Indonesia. Notes [1] Marine Department of Malaysia, 2005. The committee mentioned that it is entirely up to individual insurers to react to its evaluation. • The proposed Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRITS) of ships initiative by Maritime Security Committee of IMO. An IALA Seminar on IWRAP Mk II is planned for April 20-24 in Kuala Lumpur. THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE SAFE PASSAGE 6 THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE 7 The SOMS are in places narrow and busy, where a large number of vessels transit daily, carrying about one-third of the world’s traded goods. November 8, 2017 18:55. In the case of a VLCC (very large crude carrier or 'supertanker'), this would rise to about US$63,000 for the base premium and US$12,600 for each transit [4]. • The ‘Eyes in the Sky’ (EIS) initiative, a maritime air operation for surveillance over the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. EIS is an open arrangement that may involve the participation of other countries on a voluntary basis, if deemed necessary by the littoral states. Malacca, the third smallest state in Malaysia, is located about 150 miles north of Singapore. Shipowners in the region have been up in arms ever since JWC’s declaration opened the door to insurers placing a war risk assessment on vessels navigating the Straits to charge additional war risk insurance premiums. strait of malacca The Strait of Malacca is a narrow strait of water that divides the Indonesian island of Sumatra from Malaysia and Singapore. Some big-name shipping insurance underwriters had been known to raise their premium based on JWC’s categorization on the Straits of Malacca. It is crucial at this juncture to separate piracy [2] from terrorism [3]. Even more so when one takes into account that incidents of pirate attacks in the Straits are at their lowest in a long time [10]. Initial fears within the maritime community that the declaration could result in dramatically higher insurance costs for the many thousands of ships that transit the straits on an annual basis have proven valid. This page was last changed on 24 December 2020, at 20:29. Based on the sharp reduction of attacks, Capt. While it is not realistic to expect zero-piracy in the huge area of the Straits, the recent drastic drop in piracy attacks in to the Straits reveals the positive results of the intense efforts undertaken by the littoral states. 3. Although the JWC has a purely advisory role and insurers remain free to decide whether to seek additional premiums, industry sources have reported receiving notice of cancellation of insurance for the Straits of Malacca after the list was publicized. Frequent evaluation of progress provides a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of the coordinated patrols. Recent reports of insurance premium increase on ships traversing the Straits lend currency to this worry. It has denied asking insurers to charge higher war risk premiums for ships transiting the Straits of Malacca. This initiative has resulted in more coordinated and structured patrols. • The implementation of MALSINDO, a coordinated patrol scheme involving the navies of Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. They include: • The formation of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, a Coast Guard-type organization providing sea-going maritime constabulary services to assure the safety of vessels transiting Malaysian waters. China for example, depends on the Straits to carry 90% of its trade through the waterways, and more than 80% of its energy imports. The strait is 10 miles (16 km) wide and lies between Singapore Island (north) and the Riau Islands (south), part of Indonesia. Historically, piracy in the Strait of Malacca was not only a lucrative way of life but also an important political tool. The littoral states have steadfastly called for a sense of perspective to be exercised in assessing the security situation in the Straits of Malacca. Melaka Straits Mosque. # The Importance of the Straits of Malacca # Strait of Malacca # Importance of malacca strait for india and china # Chinas Malacca Dilemma # India China Standoff # India China Border Tension # भारत-चीन विवाद # HPJagranSpecial # India China News # Chinas Maritime Security # strait of malacca facts # malacca strait connects Sagar Gulia-January 4, 2021 These are 16 Fun Facts About Malacca, Malaysia. https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Strait_of_Malacca&oldid=5048015, Commons category link is on Wikidata using P373. Although there are perceived links between piracy and terrorism, especially after 9/11, they are distinctly separate both in their motivations and as defined by international law. The Aegis report stated that due to the fact that there had been an intensification of the weaponry and techniques used by pirates in the Straits, they are now largely indistinguishable from terrorists. Not only does it act as an important economic passageway transporting the bulk of the world’s oil supply and cargos, but it is also an important source of livelihood, food, recreation and transportation for the littoral states consisting of Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore. The Federation of ASEAN Shipowners' Association described the decision as "misguided". Malacca, Strait of məläk´ə , c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. P. 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