Rosatom is just a department, it's an enterprise. Until 1961 the directive of the sanitary and epidemiological service was effective and during that time it was prohibited to keep cattle, to pick up mushrooms and berries, and to keep gardens and farms. Kyshtym disaster. They received an annual maximum radiation dose in just one day, over and over again. The nuclear disasters that we don’t hear about – The Kyshtym Disaster. In the early morning hours of September 29, 62 years ago, a tank containing nuclear weapons waste exploded on the grounds of the Mayak Chemical Combine, Russia’s primary spent nuclear fuel reprocessing center, which is still in operation. The people in Muslyumovo suffered from strange diseases, died mysterious deaths. The Soviet government didn't acknowledge the East-Ural Radioactive Trace for 32 years. Those who live along the river, they say, have cancer at rates 3.6 times higher than the national average, and suffer 25 times more from incidence of birth defects than in other places in the country. NIST Time Capsule Helping to Clean Up a Disaster Inside the Chernobyl ‘Mega Tomb’ It’s been used for everything from bridge construction to paint-stripping aircraft, and NASA once even considered basing an all-terrain lunar rover on it. It might be one of the worst offenders in polluting the environment. The Kyshtym nuclear energy complex lies approximately 15 kilometers east of the city of Kyshtym in the eastern foothills of the south-central Ural Mountains and on the south shore of Lake Kyzyltash (see Fig. Furthermore, 39 of them occurred during the last 8 years (as of 2009). It was called "river disease". The barbed wire remained only in kitchen gardens. Unfortunately, people continue living on the river bank and pasture cattle in the overflow land. The children freely bathed in the river, fished and ate the fish. The frequency of birth defects and complications at birth were up to three times greater than normal. He has been a journalist for a number of major newspapers and media companies worldwide such as The Moscow Times, the International Herald Tribune, BBC, The Nation and The Amsterdam Volkskraant. 1). [1], The Kyshtym Disaster was an accident in the world's largest nuclear complex Mayak in Russia and is today one of the most radioactively contaminated places in the world. Pharit Kurmashev, head of the Muslyumovo administration: Today the most painful problem is regulations on repurchase of housing developed by Rosatom. But even getting those benefits through the local courts turned out to be a dangerous proposition. The experts counted that 250 accidents had happened during 50 years of the Mayak activity. On September 29, 1957 a liquid waste storage container exploded and released 20 MCi of radioactivity. Miscarriages continue to climb, and children carried to term are born with malformed limbs and organs. The population of Muslyumovo Eastern Urals State Reserve (russ. The Soviet government included details about it in a report on Chernobyl that it submitted to the United Nations in 1986 – finally blowing its cover. The goal is for the 80,000 or so residents forced to evacuate to eventually be able to return.Decontamination has never been done on such a large scale before. The history of radiation accidents in the former Soviet Union originated in the Chelyabinsk region at the plutonium facility No 817 which is known today as the industrial enterprise "Mayak". People in the town were issued cards identifying them as residents of an irradiated zone, entitling them to certain lusterless perks. : VUGZ), established in 1966 after the Kyshtym accident, the village long bearing the brunt of the contamination, was resettled a mere two kilometers upriver. It took more than 30 years for the Soviets to admit the incident took place and the number of casualties was never confirmed. After the accident 248 villages were resettled from the Techa river. In the coming months, Russia’s official television stations began ginning up a panic that she herself might be a spy. Moscow’s accounting of the disaster has by now taken on a shopworn ring: A failed cooling system and an uncontrolled reaction within a stew of uranium and plutonium caused it all to overheat and explode; assertions that scientists plodding through the dim pre-history of the atomic age should be forgiven for not knowing any better. The Kyshtym disaster is not the only reason that Chelyabinsk is so contaminated. It is impossible to act only on the basis of these regulations while it is not governed by the law. The Kyshtym disaster is the second largest devastation after Chernobyl. The tank held highly radioactive waste which overheated and blew, belching up a 160-ton cement cap buried twenty-four feet underground and tossing it in the air. The Soviet fake news name stuck. There are 7 graveyards for only the four and a half thousand residents. But what it has come to connote in the years since has only grown in danger and magnitude. Russian regulators say the plant stopped its dumps in 2004 – after a lawsuit and criminal charges unseated the plant’s scandal-tarred director. This page was last edited on 22 September 2017, at 16:40. Media reporting of the nuclear accident near Kyshtym first appeared in 1958. According to research of the Mayak experts in the case of the dam destruction radioactive water will reach the Muslyumovo village in 8 hours. It was not until 1976, when the writings of Soviet dissent Dr. Zhores Medvedev began to appear, that wider attention was given to this subject. The people who leave Muslyumovo loose their rights for compensation, it is as if the health ruined by radiation could be restored at once. A post-war population of mostly women and children were given rags and mops – and no protective gear – to sop up what they were told was the mess from a coal boiler explosion in the village of Kyshtym. The Kyshtym disaster or Kyshtym incident was a radioactive contamination accident that occurred on 29 September 1957 at Mayak, a plutonium production site for nuclear weapons and nuclear fuel reprocessing plant located in the closed city of Chelyabinsk-40 (now Ozyorsk) in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union. None of us were ever supposed to know anything about it, and if not for a series of untimely revelations, we probably still wouldn’t. Charles Digges holds both a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Russian literature from Harvard University. More recently, a decades long pile up of the Soviet navy’s nuclear fuel left to rot at Andreyeva Bay has begun to wend its way for reprocessing at Mayak – suggesting the once doomed plant might be able to atone for past sins. The actual accident happened a few kilometers down the road in the closed city of Ozersk. Spent nuclear fuel is still transported to Mayak and radionuclides are continuously released into water bodies of the Techa cascade. Gosman Kabirov, NGO "TECHA": The barbed wire worked only for cattle. Actually, victims were expected. Pingback: The worst Nuclear Accident you never heard of. But his images do not forget the numerous incidents which took place nearby, including the 1957 Kyshtym disaster which exposed locals to up … After the accident 248 villages were resettled from the Techa river. The liquid radioactive waste was discharged directly into the Techa river. 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